by Richard van Pelt, WWI Correspondent
GRAIN SACK FAMINE IN NORTHWEST WILL FORCE BULK HANDLING
No Vessels Running and Sack Contracts Not Filled – Record Grain Crop
That there is an alarming shortage in the sack supply in the state of Oregon, in fact all over the Northwest, has just come to light and if the situation is not relieved in a very short time the farmers will have to resort to the handling and shipping of their grain crops in bulk this year. The indications are also for a record crop of both wheat and its this year, with an increased acreage and greatly increased yield over last ear, in consequence of which the grain farmers are rejoicing in the bright prospects for increased prosperity.
Local millers and commission merchants state that although they placed their orders for an increased supply of sacks last fall every one of them has been informed that they will not be available on account of the lack of shipping facilities to bring them over from India, where the bulk of the sack supply is obtained – due to war conditions – and there is no possible way of securing a supply.
GALLIPOLI SLOPES STREWN BY BODIES OF TURKISH DEAD
Thousands Die In Seven days Assault By Allies Says “Eye Witness”
ALLIES ADVANCE 150 YARDS IN WEEK’S FIGHT
Paris, June 24. – Bodies of thousands of dead and wounded carpeted the sandy slopes of the Gallipoli peninsula during a fierce seven day combat described in an account by the French “eye witness” given out today.
This assault of the allies was in progress form June 10 to June 18. The Anglo-French forces made heavy sacrifices for their slight gains, but the Turkish losses were declared to be terrible.
The Oregon Statesman reported on British efforts to increase and meet the need for munitions:
LLOYD-GEORGE SERVES NOTICE ON THE NATION
Seven Days Granted Labor to Rally to Country’s Crisis
England Must Have Adequate Munitions for Army
London, June 23. – David Lloyd-George, the minister of munitions, has given British labor seven days in which to make good the promise of its leaders that men will rally to the factories in sufficient numbers to produce a maximum supply of munitions of war. This was the most striking statement in the new minister’s speech in the house of commons today in the course of outlining the munitions measure which is designed to control not only the output but the men responsible for the output.
The munitions bill makes strikes and lockouts illegal; provides for compulsory arbitration; limits the profits of employers; creates a voluntary army of workmen ledger to go wherever they are wanted, and contains other provisions which will give the minister full powers to carry out the plans he as devised to develop the production of munitions.
Addressing the urgency, Lloyd George addressed the head start Germany had in preparing for war:
Germany has been piling up material. Until she was ready she was friendly with everybody. During the Balkan crisis none could have been more modest or unpretentious. She had a benevolent smile for France. She walked arm in arm with Great Britain through the chancelleries of Europe. We really thought an era of peace and good-will had come. At that moment she was forging and hiding away enormous war stores to attack her neighbors unawares and murder them in their sleep.
The needs of war require truth to take a back seat to power, to be seen, but not heard. It is always dangerous when propaganda assumes the mantle of truth. In the Europe that emerged following the Napoleonic era, a concert of powers sought to maintain a balance of power intended to preserve peace.
During the 19th Century Germany coalesced into a nation through a series of wars. Defensively, Germany had to contend with unfriendly powers to the east, west, and to the south. Strategically, her primary opponents on the international stage were Russia and France. Militarily, Germany attempted to compete with Great Britain in naval strength, a competition Britain was not about to allow Germany to win.
Lloyd George went on to argue that Germany hid her aggressive aims behind the appearance of cooperation in the Concert of Europe:
If that trickery is to succeed, all the bases of international good will will crumble to dust. It is essential for the peace of the world that [trickery] should fail, and it is up to us to see that it does so. It depends more upon Great Britain than on any one else to see that it fails.
One of the pillars of good government is that evil-doing shall be punished; that is equally true in the sphere of international government. Valor alone will not achieve success, or the valor of our brave men at the front would achieved it long ago. We must strain every resource of the machinery of organization at our disposal so as to drive conviction into the heart of every nation over the whole world that those Governments who deceive their neighbors to their ruin do so at their peril.
Lloyd George is telegraphing as clearly as possible that Britain intends to fight until Germany is defeated. Nothing in his words leads a reader to contemplate that this terrible mistake of a war can be walked back through negotiation.