June 3, 1915

by Richard van Pelt, WWI Correspondent

From the pages of The Daily Capital Journal:

PRZEMSYL RETAKEN BY AUSTRO-GERMAN ARMY UNDER VAN MACKENSEN
Famous Fortress Falls After Three Weeks Rain of Shells From Big Guns Which Pound Northern Forts To Pieces – German General Makes Heavy Sacrifices to Retake Stronghold – Russians Reported In Disorderly Retreat

FIELD STREWN WITH DEAD AFTER FIERCE BAYONET CHARGES
Advancing Germans Hurling Hand Grenades and Bombs Upon French Gunners
FRENCH REPLY WITH HOT COUNTER ATTACK
British Submarine Dodges Dardanelles Mine Beds and Sinks Transport

LEGAL FACTS FORM BASIS OF WILSON’S REPLY TO GERMANY
Stripped of Diplomatic Verbiage New Note Will State Plain Truths

RUMANIA DEMANDS RUSSIAN INDEMNITY
Will Enter War On Side of Allies If Certain Territory Is Ceded to Her

The sinking of the Lusitania resulted in many reexamining American neutrality, prompting this republished editorial from the Oregon City Enterprise:

In this hour of world-wide battle, when American lives have been taken, when the only law between nations appears to be the law of beasts and when news dispatches tell us that diplomatic relations with one of the principal belligerents is strained, it is well that we should remember that we are Americans first, last and all the time.

It is a great credit to this country that we have shown no decided preference in this great war. For us there is no middle course, no compromise. We cannot be pro-German or pro-English. Deep as may be the feeling of some of us for kindred beyond the sea, we have set our faces to the future – a future not mortgaged to wild hate.

On both sides, paid publicity bureaus have been busy trying to convince the American public of the worth of their respective causes. Since the sinking of the Lusitania, these bureaus have been unusually active and now that the strained relations between the United States and Germany have given the entire conflict a more personal tone here, we should be particularly on our guard.

We cannot take sides. We can only wait for that time when the insanity of war may pass from the homes and hearts of men across the sea.

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About whclarc

We are devoted to providing information fresh from the Archives, Library and Collections of the Willamette Heritage Center in Salem, Oregon. We specialize in the history of Marion County and the greater Salem area.
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