May 22, 1915

by Richard van Pelt, WWI Correspondent

Headlines from the Capital Journal:

GERMAN ADVANCE UPON PRZEMYSL IS CHECKED
Von Mackensen’s Left Wing Forced Back By Russians Is Report
Berlin Office Claims Are Using Poisonous Gas Bombs Against Germans
Allies Report Gains In Resumption of Fighting In Dardanelles Region

Berlin, via wireless to Sayvelle, L. I., May 22 – The allies are using “mines giving out poisonous gases,” it was charged in the official statement issued by the war office today. The use of such mines is said to have been resorted to west of Lille and in the Argonne.

ITALY ORDERS TROOPS MOBILIZED FOR WAR
Southern Kingdom Takes Most Decisive Step Since Struggle Began and Declaration of War Considered To Be Only Matter of Few Hours
Romania Secretly Preparing For War
Italian cities Take On Holiday Aspect

Commenting on Italy’s entry into the war, the paper reports that the women of Italy are not enthusiastic for war, according to Maria Montessori:

Los Angeles, Cal, May 22. – – The women of Italy are not enthusiastic for war, but they have accepted it as the inevitable, and are better prepared for it than the women of any of the warring nations of Europe. This was the opinion expressed here today by Dr. Maria Montessori, founder of the Montessori method of educating children.

The famous Italian teacher is establishing her first school in America here. She spoke through an interpreter. She is a firm peace advocate.

“I never can feel that anything justifies war,” she said. “War is nothing more than dueling on a large scale, and dueling is going out of fashion.”

“How do the women of Italy regard the pending war with Austria?”

“They have accepted it as the inevitable, and are prepared. The Italian women have been called just as soldiers would be called. For months past the Italian woman has been taught to replace men. To do the things that men will desert when they leave for the front.”

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About whclarc

We are devoted to providing information fresh from the Archives, Library and Collections of the Willamette Heritage Center in Salem, Oregon. We specialize in the history of Marion County and the greater Salem area.
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