January 20, 1915

by Richard van Pelt, WWI Correspondent

The War Lineup

England – It is believed aeroplanes, not Zeppelins, raided England last night. Possibly Zeppelins may have aided. Nine towns visited, five dead at Yarmouth, two at Kingston. Many injured. Property damage is slight.

Belgium – Fighting renewed near Nieuport. Allies and Germans fighting for possession of bridge over Yser. Weather improved.

France – Paris admits Germans took trenches in LaGrurie woods, in Argonne, asserts French recaptured them. French advance toward Metz temporarily halted. Germans claim they took trenches near Notre Dame De Lorette.

Poland – Petrograd reports the Russians advancing against Thorn. Germans trying to cross Vistula and attack Russian rear.

Turkey and Egypt – Porte admits Russians moving south in Caucasus, but says Russian attempt to turn Turkish right flank failed. Claims defeated British at Shudelarab.

Austria – Vienna says Russians’ attack on southern Bukovina repulsed; snow blockaded in Carpathians.

Italy – An Italian freighter struck mine and sank off Pola,in Adriatic; crew perished.

Holland – Dutch naval motor sloop struck mine and sank in Scheldt, while sweeping mines from river; five dead.

Alsace – Germans “making good progress” near Sennheim, according to Berlin.

“For the first time in history,” the paper reports, “hostile air craft have dealt death to Englishmen on British soil. Individual aeroplanes have dropped bombs on Dover several times during the past few months, but the daring raid of last night was the first time a concerted attack has been attempted. Nine cities and towns were bombarded.”

American Flag Down When Vessel Detained Washington

Jan. 21. Ambassador Gerard cabled the State Department today the substance of a statement made to him by Captain Farley, of which arrived at Bremen a few days ago with a cotton cargo from Now Orleans, after having been subjected to a series of detentions and interruptions, notwithstanding assurances which had been given by Great Britain that shipments of cotton in American vessels would not be detained. State department officials said this afternoon that the most serious question in connection with the detention of the Greenbrier was the hauling down of the American flag and the hoisting of the British colors. Whether this fact will be regarded as an insult has not bean determined as yet.

The SS Greenbrier is an example of the problems American vessels were to encounter during the war. The vessel sailed from New Orleans December 11, 1914 for Bremen via Norfolk. She carried a cargo of cotton under certificate of the British consul at New York. On December 30th she was boarded by a British cruiser and searched. During the boarding, the U. S flag was hauled down and replaced by the British flag. The vessel was taken to Kirkwall where it was held for three days before being allowed to proceed to Bremen.

In national news, the paper reported that “Fourteen Strikers Shot By Special Deputies.” Strikers in Roosevelt, New Jersey at the Armour company and the Williams, Clark and Leibig cerealizing plants were shot in a clash with special detectives. According to the paper, four were seriously wounded, and a total of nine persons were taken to local hospitals.


About whclarc

We are devoted to providing information fresh from the Archives, Library and Collections of the Willamette Heritage Center in Salem, Oregon. We specialize in the history of Marion County and the greater Salem area.
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